A coherent focus on industries and the labour market – at national, regional and municipal level – is crucial to ensure a sustainable development of the municipalities, resulting in a strong economic foothold. Climate change brings both challenges and new opportunities in our part of Greenland - changes that we must cope with in terms of the two primary industries: fishing and tourism.
Fishing is the most important trade in Greenland – also in Kommune Qeqertalik. In recent years, there has been much attention on increasing profits in the fishing industry – especially for the Greenland halibut – focusing on securing sustainability both in terms of economy and resources. The present trend points in the direction of larger modern fishing boats, placing pressure on traditional small boat fishing. On top of this, climate changes will influence fish species in terms of presence, habitats and population. Even small changes can have large consequences for the trade, which might have to adjust its fleet, tools and onshore facilities. On the other hand, new possibilities for development and earnings might arise, demanding attention and action.
In recent decades, the tourism industry in Greenland has experienced significant growth. In Kommune Qeqertalik, we are aware of the unique qualities and potentials of Northwest Greenland. The UNESCO-protected ice fjord, which borders the municipality, is a huge attraction that helps to strengthen Kommune Qeqertalik, and the area around the Disko Bay area has built up a large and professional tourism industry for a number of years. However, there is significant potential for growth. Climate changes can prolong the tourist season and make it possible to develop new attractions further north, e.g. extreme tourism and dark tourism.
In the longer term, the raw materials sector in regard to oil, gas and minerals can be more important for the development of the municipal business sector and become a third primary business in the future. Other potential raw materials are the production of ice and water. Therefore, strong efforts must be made in education and learning in the coming years so that the raw material sector in the future can become a primary profession in the municipality. However, with Planning Strategy 2017 it's been emphasized that the municipality currently has two main industries; fishing and tourism.
Independent small businesses include, among other things, sealing and whaling – the original Greenlandic and arctic trade. For centuries, the sealing and whaling culture has played an important role in Greenland – financially, socially, culturally and identity-wise. Small towns and settlements still depend on local sealing and whaling, but the profession is under severe pressure and the number of sealers and whalers is declining due to climate changes etc. However, it is important to further motivate and commit independent businesses and entrepreneurs in Kommune Qeqertalik. This is to be supported by means of a co-operation between the municipality, Destination Avannaa and local businesses. For instance, an enterprise house could provide diverse settings for innovation, counselling, co-operation and knowledge exchange.
Climate changes will make it possible to grow other and more varied agricultural produce in Greenland than previously. The municipality wants to continue to explore and stimulate any potential in Northwest Greenland, e.g. through spatial planning.